Techrules turbine-recharging supercar pics released ahead of Geneva

Techrules turbine-recharging supercar spotted ahead of Geneva

Techrules has been testing its EV model at Monza, Italy

Chinese automotive research company will reveal a production-ready version of its turbine-electric hypercar; more TREV models due later

The Techrules GT96 turbine-recharging electric supercar will make its world debut in production-ready form at the 2017 Geneva motor show, one year after a concept version was first shown to the public.

First images of the final car have been released following a testing stint at Italy’s Monza circuit. The images show a camouflaged development car with a central driving position and fighter jet-style canopy roof.

The Chinese manufaturer’s model will use Turbine-Recharging Electric Vehicle (TREV) technology, a range-extending micro-turbine system which generates electricity to charge the battery pack. The battery then powers the motors that drive the wheels.

The car has been designed by Fabrizio and Giorgetto Giugiaro and is said to provide different configurations for the interior around the centrally-positioned driver. The chassis has been engineered by international motorsport specialist L. M. Gianetti.

Other design features include laser headlights and reversing LEDs with an integrated rear-view cameras. Techrules said this technology will be used ‘across a family of models’ in the coming years.

The hypercar was previewed last year with the GT96 concept. That car featured plug-in charging capability for markets with access to charging networks. If it retains the set-up of the concept, the 2017 model will feature a lightweight carbonfibre monocoque design and be powered by six electric traction motors, each weighing 13kg. The front wheels will be driven by individual single motors, while the rear wheels will be driven by a pair to each corner. Peak combined power output of the concept was 1030bhp, and it could sprint from 0-60mph in 2.5sec and onto a top speed of 217mph. Electric-only range was projected to be up to 93 miles, and the total range to be more than 1200 miles from 80 litres of aviation kerosene – or a fuel with the equivalent calorific value – using the TREV range extender.

The concept’s powerplant featured a micro-turbine generator, inspired by aviation technology, which drove a generator and charged the battery. Unlike many previous turbine powertrain systems, there was no direct electrical feed from the generator to the electric motors; the TREV system is purely a series hybrid range extender charger. Using the system, the battery pack was claimed to be charged to its maximum in 40 minutes.

The GT96 was first presented in two forms at the 2016 Geneva motor show, with both based on a mid-engine electric hypercar design that features two seats and all-wheel drive. Design one: AT96 ‘Aviation Turbine’ was a track-focused model, with a turbine set-up that runs on a liquid fuel, such as aviation kerosene, diesel or gasoline. Design two: GT96 ‘Gas Turbine’ was designed to run on a gaseous fuel such as biogas and natural gas and is styled as a road-going hypercar.

Techrules CTO Matthew Jin said: “We have been working tirelessly with the Giugiaro team on the design of the GT96 for many months, and it will be a proud moment when we present the production design of China’s first supercar in Geneva in March. Our dream of seeing turbine-recharging electric vehicles on the roads is getting closer to reality.”

Techrules’ engineering and production partner L.M. Gianetti will handle production of up to 25 units per year beginning in late 2017 at its facility in Turin, Italy. The track model will be made first, with a fully homologated road version and other yet-to-be-revealed TREV cars in other market segments set to follow in later years.

Jin said earlier this year: “Because turbines have always been a very inefficient way to convert chemical energy into useful wheel turning mechanical energy, only a few have tried to use a turbine in the powertrain system, and none have ever succeeded commercially.

“But, with electric vehicles, an electric motor is used to drive the wheels, which effectively frees the combustion engine to exclusively convert chemical energy into mechanical energy and finally into electric energy. This is a major breakthrough, making it possible for us to use the highly efficient turbine engine as a superb range extender on our vehicles.”

Beijing-based Techrules claims its TREV system is a sealed-for-life powertrain solution, which requires almost zero maintenance throughout the ownership cycle, with the only service item being the air intake filter.

Source: Autocar Online

Car insurance premiums to rise by £75 with new discount rates

Mercedes-Benz A-Class

Association of British Insurers labels changes to personal injury discount rate as ‘crazy’

Car insurance premiums could rise by an average of £75 if government plans to change the personal injury discount rate go ahead.

The personal injury discount rate calculates how much money is removed from a victim’s insurance payout following an accident, in order to make up for money made should the money be invested over several years.

According to the Association of British Insurers, Lord Chancellor Liz Truss’s proposal to cut the rate from 2.5% to -0.75% will cause claim costs to soar, leading to “an increase in motor and liability premiums for millions of drivers and businesses across the UK”.

It labelled the change as ‘crazy’ and said that 36 million individuals and businesses could be affected.

ABI director Huw Evans said, “To make such a significant change to the rate using a broken formula is reckless in the extreme, and shows an utter disregard for the impact this will have on consumers, businesses and the wider operation of the insurance market.

Autonomous cars: who should they save in a crash?

“We have repeatedly warned the Government that this could lead to very significant price rises, with younger drivers, in particular, likely to find it much harder to get affordable insurance. It is also a massive own goal that lands the NHS with a likely £1 billion hike in compensation bills when it needs it the least.”

British drivers are already facing growing insurance premiums that recently reached a four-year high thanks to rising repair costs, uninsured drivers and excess whiplash claims. The AA’s British Insurance Premium Index also showed that typical premium quotes rose by 3.7% through the middle of last year, with premiums up by an average of £82 on 2015.

Evans said the further increase in premiums needed to be addressed quickly. He added “We need a fairer deal for consumers and claimants. We cannot wait until Easter – the Ministry of Justice must commit to alternatives immediately so changes to the law can be included in the Prison and Courts Bill.”

One-off crash test demonstrates poor safety standards in developing countries

Source: Autocar Online

Pininfarina H600 concept previewed before Geneva

Pininfarina H600 concept previewed before Geneva

Italian design house will showcase the H600 concept with Hong Kong-based Hybrid Kinetic Group

The Pininfarina H600 has been previewed ahead of its reveal at the Geneva motor show with the Hybrid Kinetic Group.

The Italian design house, which is thought to be plotting a production EV sports car, has designed and manufactured the concept for the Hong Kong-based electric vehicle (EV) company as part of a new technical collaboration, which is worth over £55 million.

Italian coachbuilders: why it’s not the end of the road

No technical information has been released, but an electric or petrol-electric drivetrain is expected. The inclusion of a large front grille, which features 10 curving slats and extends out into slim headlights, suggests the latter is likely.

An image of the car’s dashboard shows a central infotainment touchscreen, digital instrument display cluster and flat-bottomed steering wheel. The cabin looks to feature both leather and wood trim.

Pininfarina CEO Silvio Pietro Angori said “Hybrid Kinetic has chosen to cooperate with the Pininfarina Group thanks to the set of skills and technologies in the field of sustainable mobility that we have developed over several years.

“This agreement confirms the primacy of our Company in the world of automotive design, engineering and production of small series at a time of great change in the automotive world”.

Pininfarina and Hong Kong-based Hybrid Kinetic Group’s partnership will last for 46 months. Among the Hong Kong company’s portfolio is an electric bus and a car that can be fuelled with bio-alcohol, propane and natural gas.

Pininfarina, which was acquired by Indian automotive giant Mahindra last year, will also be showcasing a sports car concept at Geneva developed with Formula 1 champion and Indy 500 winner Emerson Fittipaldi.

Source: Autocar Online

Norway to phase out petrol and diesel cars by 2025

Norway to phase out petrol and diesel cars by 2025

Government targets sale of only zero or low emission models with ‘polluter pays’ principle

Norway wants to phase out sales of new petrol and diesel cars by 2025 using a ‘polluter pays’ tax system, designed to incentivise the purchase of low and zero emission vehicles.

In a report published onto the country’s sustainable transport site Elbil, the Norwegian government said targets to grow sales of low and zero emission vehicles to represent 100% of the new car market were feasible “with the right policy measures”.

Strong UK car market growth spurred on by alternatively fuelled vehicles

It said the introduction of a strengthened green tax system would encourage people to opt for clean transport over fossil fuel-powered vehicles, but that its policies would never amount to a ban on petrol and diesel.

Leased EV models are already tax exempt in Norway and electric cars are allowed to use the country’s bus lanes, as well as toll roads and ferries free of charge. Conversely, fossil fuel cars will be subject to charges to use these depending on their CO2 and NOX outputs.

First all-EV car dealership to open in Milton Keynes

Norway has set ambitious targets to meet the European Clean Power for Transport directive, which recommends that there should be one public available charging point for every 10 electric cars by 2020.

Electric car sales represented 22% of Norway’s market in 2015, and it expects that number to grow to 30% within the next three years. That would bring the number of electric cars running in Norway to 250,000, meaning the country will have to have 25,000 public charging points.

£10 T-charge for high polluting vehicles to start in autumn

Will London’s pollution problem spell the end of diesel cars?

Source: Autocar Online

Electric Seat e-Mii concept showcases new 2018 tech for manufacturer

Electric Seat e-Mii concept

The electric city car comes with a host of new connectivity features which will be used in models from 2018, like a digital key and real-time traffic forecasts

The electric Seat e-Mii city car has been revealed at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, showcasing new connected car technology which the brand will roll out in models from 2018.

Described as a concept, it shares its underpinnings with the Volkswagen e-Up, launched in 2013, and gets an 81bhp electric motor. It has an estimated 100 miles of range on a full charge – but expect closer to 75 in the real world, as with the VW.

Seat says the car will have a top speed of 80mph, 155lb ft of torque and will reach 62mph from a standstill in 11.3sec which is more than a second quicker than the e-Up.

It takes nine hours to give the e-Mii a full charge through a household plug, but a public fast charger takes 30 minutes for an 80% charge.

The manufacturer hasn’t confirmed it will make production, but it has previously stated it will have an electric car in its lineup before 2019. Seat boss Luca de Meo said the e-Mii was an “appetiser” for the car that will be revealed in 2019 but an e-Mii car sharing fleet will be trialled around Barcelona to test out the car and new connectivity developments for it.

The fleet will consist of 10 cars and be operated with a digital key via a smartphone. Other connectivity highlights for the e-Mii fleet includes a predictive navigation system that can adjust routes depending on heavy traffic caused by major events, a parking space finder, and mobile payment. It will be used initially by workers at Seat’s new ‘Metropolis:Lab Barcelona’ which has been created to develop new car connectivity features.

Although the car may not make production, de Meo says he wants Seat to be a “front runner” for car connectivity in the Volkswagen Group. Seat’s boss said the new technology on show will make its way into production cars between 2018 and 2019. It’s expected these features will be a cost option, but there’s no indication on how much they will be.

While Seat will be at the forefront of the VW Group’s connectivity plans, it will borrow its electric and autonomous technology from other manufacturers within the group.

If the e-Mii does make production, it’s likely to command a hefty premium over the standard Mii.

The e-Up costs £12,000 more than the range-topping petrol model. So, with the Mii range topping out at £11,690 – a price of around £24,000 would be likely, before accounting for the £4500 government grant the car would be eligible for.

Source: Autocar Online

Electric Seat e-Mii concept revealed

Electric Seat e-Mii concept

The electric city car has a claimed range of 100 miles and is powered by an 81bhp electric motor – Seat has not confirmed it will make production

The electric Seat e-Mii city car has been revealed at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, showcasing new connected car technology for the brand.

Described as a concept, it shares its underpinnings with the Volkswagen e-Up, launched in 2013, and gets an 81bhp electric motor. 

It has an estimated 100 miles of range on a full charge – but expect closer to 75 in the real world, as with the VW.

Seat says the car will have a top speed of 80mph, 155lb ft of torque and will reach 62mph from a standstill in 11.3sec which is more than a second quicker than the e-Up.

It takes nine hours to give the e-Mii a full charge through a household plug, but a public fast charger takes 30 minutes for an 80% charge.

The manufacturer hasn’t confirmed it will make production, but it has previously stated it will have an electric car in its lineup before 2019. Seat boss Luca de Meo said the e-Mii was an “appetiser” for the car that will be revealed in 2019 but an e-Mii car sharing fleet will be trialled around Barcelona to test out the car and new connectivity developments for it.

The fleet will consist of 10 cars and be operated with a digital key via a smartphone. Other connectivity highlights for the e-Mii fleet includes a predictive navigation system that can adjust routes depending on heavy traffic caused by major events, a parking space finder, and mobile payment. It will be used initially by workers at Seat’s new ‘Metropolis:Lab Barcelona’ which has been created to develop new car connectivity features.

Although the car may not make production, de Meo says he wants Seat to be a “front runner” for car connectivity in the Volkswagen Group. Seat’s boss said the new technology on show will make its way into production cars between 2018 and 2019.

If the e-Mii does make production, it’s likely to command a hefty premium over the standard Mii.

The e-Up costs £12,000 more than the range-topping petrol model. So, with the Mii range topping out at £11,690 – a price of around £24,000 would be likely, before accounting for the £4500 government grant the car would be eligible for.

Source: Autocar Online

Mini considers moving EV production to Germany amid Brexit concerns

Mini E concept

The 2009 Mini E concept was the brand’s first EV

Reports suggest BMW’s British brand won’t increase production at its Oxford plant if UK Government talks are unsuccessful

Mini is considering building its 2019 electric model in Germany due to concerns relating to Brexit, according to reports in German newspaper Handelsblatt.

Using inside sources, the paper said BMW’s British brand could opt to use plants in Regensburg or Leipzig in Germany, or Dutch contract manufacturer Nedcar to produce the model, rather than expanding production at Oxford.

The shift would take place if the UK fails to secure a ‘single market’ trade agreement with the European Union, something the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders has described as crucial to ensure the sustainability of Britain’s automotive sector.

Mini said no decision had been made regarding its EV production at this stage. It told Autocar in an official response: “Mini has announced that it will launch an EV in 2019. The production arrangements for this model have not yet been decided and will be in due course.”

Handelsblatt said BMW would open conversation with the British government at the start of March with the UK’s ejection from Europe likely to be a key topic.

Mini’s first electric vehicle is due to make production in 2019 as the fifth model in the brand’s growing line-up. It will follow a plug-in hybrid version of the Countryman.

Source: Autocar Online

Autocar launches search for rising female British stars in the car industry

Autocar launches search for rising female British stars in the car industry

Our Great British Women in the Car Industry event is returning for 2017, but this year we’re identifying and promoting the sector’s most promising rising stars

The Autocar Great British Women in the Car Industry event will return this year, with the goal of identifying and promoting the sector’s most promising rising stars and highlighting the opportunities for careers within it.

Run by Autocar, in association with the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), and backed by Direct Line Group, Ford and Jaguar Land Rover, the industry’s top 100 rising stars will be announced on June 21, with a series of panel debates, discussions and work groups taking place for winners and invited guests at Twickenham Stadium on the same day.

The top 100 will be selected from the following areas of the car industry: vehicle development, manufacturing, purchasing, retail, marketing, communications, apprentices, motorsport, design and executive. A winner will be selected in each industry sector, with an overall winner then being selected from that shortlist.

Candidates must be nominated by friends, colleagues or their employer. There is no age limit. The shortlisted winners will be chosen based on their influence – and potential future influence – on the automotive industry and within their company, taking into account the size and strength of the business they represent. Dedication to a career in the automotive industry will also be favoured, as well as potential to inspire others to join the industry.

The Autocar Great British Women in the Car Industry judging panel will be chaired by Haymarket Media Group’s automotive Brand Director Rachael Prasher. The panel – comprising Jim Holder, Steve Cropley and Rachel Burgess from Autocar’s editorial team, plus the SMMT’s Chief Executive, Mike Hawes, and Director of Communications and International, Tamzen Isacsson – will select the 100 rising stars at a judging day ahead of the main event.

“I’m delighted that our hugely successful initiative has kick-started a number of ideas around celebrating and inspiring women in the automotive industry, and it is especially pleasing to move the focus on to rising talent,” said Prasher. “The opportunities for rewarding careers in the automotive sector are enormous, and we plan to put the spotlight on its brightest stars working across a wide variety of roles and, through our event at Twickenham Stadium, offer insight and debate around some of the topics associated with this area of the industry.”

Hawes added: “The industry is in great health with record exports, record new car registrations and groundbreaking new technology, so it’s an exciting time to join the UK automotive industry. To continue this growth, we need to attract the most talented people to enter the workplace, so we are proud to be supporting this initiative again this year. We want to highlight successful women who’ve made a difference in UK automotive and to provide inspiration for many others considering their future careers.”

There is no limit on the number of nominations, but they must be registered by April 3. Please send nominations to Autocar’s editorial director, Jim Holder, at jim.holder@haymarket.com. 

Space for the event at Twickenham Stadium on June 21 is strictly limited, with priority being given to 2017 and 2016 winners. However, it is anticipated that a limited number of tickets should be available. Anyone interested in attending should contact Charlene Harry, Haymarket Automotive brand executive, on autocar.events@haymarket.com.

Check out last year’s winners here

Source: Autocar Online

Striking Peugeot Instinct concept showcases brand's autonomous plans

Peugeot Instinct concept revealed

Shooting brake concept previews the French brand’s future autonomous plans; set to make public debut at Geneva motor show in March

The Peugeot Instinct shooting brake concept, which showcases the French brand’s future autonomous plans, has been revealed ahead of its public debut at the Geneva motor show in March.

Peugeot concept designer Matthias Hossann said that while this model won’t make production, the intention was to create a car “that didn’t look like a UFO” and was genuinely usable as a family vehicle. It has four seats and similar interior space to the 308 hatchback, Hossann added.

The Instinct demonstrates Peugeot’s autonomous intentions for the first time. Last year, product boss Laurent Blanchent told Autocar that it would introduce a greater level of autonomy across its range by 2020, and confirmed that the technology would work in the car maker’s existing platforms.

At a reveal event of the Instinct ahead of its Geneva debut, Peugeot strategy boss Aude Brille reinforced this, confirming that autonomous versions of its models would not be built on a separate platform.

Peugeot: fully autonomous cars by 2025

The Instinct demonstrates technology related to level five autonomy – the highest level of autonomy on a car – meaning it can equal a human driver in every driving scenario. Brille said she expected to see this technology reach Peugeot cars by 2025, a timescale that is in line with the plans of other major car makers, such as Volkswagen and Mercedes.

The Instinct is intended to maintain the pleasure of driving, according to Hossann. “You can decide to drive, or you can decide to sleep or read,” he said.

With that in mind, the Instinct offers two driving modes for autonomy: ‘Soft’, which can be selected if you want to read in comfort, and ‘Sharp’ if you want more of a dynamic journey. Hossann added that, for example, you could download software so that someone such as WRC and touring car legend Sebastién Loeb could virtually drive you to work.

There are also two drive modes: ‘Relax’ and ‘Boost’, the latter of which would be the most engaging drive behind the wheel.

Showcasing a future generation of Peugeot’s i-Cockpit interior design, the Instinct has a holographic display behind the wheel that shows information such as vehicle speed and battery level, a large screen in the central console and an even larger screen across the front passenger’s dashboard.  As with other recent autonomous car concepts such as the Volkswagen ID, the steering wheel can retract. A so-called i-Device next to the central console screen allows the driver to command the car.

Information displayed on the screens, seat positions, lighting and sounds options change depending on the driving mode chosen.

Connectivity allows car to lock your house door

The Instinct also demonstrates the possibilities of the Internet of Things. Working with Samsung and its so-called Artik Cloud, the cloud connects to devices used every day by the driver and aggregates data. This can come from smart watches, smart phones and social media as well as connecting to devices at home such as a smart television, heating system or fridge.

This information can then be collated to help the user. For example, you start the engine of your car and your house doors could automatically lock; your smartwatch knows you are very tired after a gym session, so the vehicle switches to Autonomous Soft mode; your car knows you didn’t do enough exercise yesterday so suggests that you park a little farther from your destination to help you keep fit.

The Instinct uses a 300hp plug-in hybrid powertrain, while Hossann said there was a big focus on efficiency and aerodynamics in the design of the shooting brake. Aerodynamic features including an active spoiler and an active air blade, which is deployed above 56mph to provide extra downforce. There is also an integrated air duct along the length of the Instinct, allowing the air to flow within a narrow tunnel going through both front and rear doors and over the rear wheel arch.

There is also a striking front grille, largely 3D printed, and striking front and rear lights. The front LED lights incorporate a camera into their design that can send information back to the driving assistance systems. This design element is one which, according to Hossann, is most likely to make it to production in the shorter term.

“We would like to integrate this function in the future. We would like something as simple as possible for our radar cameras that can be integrated into the design,” he said.

Source: Autocar Online

Best second hand Ferraris: used buying guide

Ferrari 308 GT4

Ferrari 308 GT4

Used Ferraris sell from £45,000 to £450,000, but which one to go for and which to avoid?

There was a time when it was possible, not necessarily wise but certainly possible, to buy a functioning Ferrari for less than £10,000. It allowed people to live the petrolhead dream of having a small horse emblem on an egg-yolk yellow background in their lives, at least until it turned into a steaming roadside nightmare.

Now prices of second hand Ferraris have rocketed. But relatively speaking comparative bargains remain. So which one to go for and which to avoid?

Dino 246GT

It shouldn’t be called a Ferrari at all, and any one carrying the Ferrari name or badge is incorrect. Probably the slowest mainstream Ferrari ever offered for sale but one of the sweetest handling ever. Possessing not one awkward angle and a jewel of a race-derived V6 motor, the Dino is rightly regarded as one of Enzo’s greatest hits. Insane prices have cooled off a little of late, but still expect to pay £300,000 for the right car.

Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer

Finally enjoying a renaissance after too many years as the Ferrari that didn’t quite handle right. These day people prefer to drool over its landmark looks and ogle its extraordinary engine. Early 4.4-litre 365GTBBs had six exhaust pipes which made schoolboys walk into lamp-posts, but mid-term carb-fed 512BB better than both it and later injected 512BBi. Pay from £250,000.

Ferrari 308 GT4

Unloved because of its unlovely Bertone bodywork, this was the first 308 (the earliest cars were actually badged as Dinos) and Ferrari’s first mid-engined V8, starting a line that has continued uninterrupted to this day. With a 3-litre motor fed by a throaty quad cam, quad carb V8, quicker and better to drive than you might think. Pay £45,000 and up.

Ferrari 308GTB

The GT4’s Pininfarina-penned sister was far prettier but not necessarily any better to drive. Early plastic bodied ‘vetroresina’ cars are highly sought after because they’re rare, light and don’t rot but you’ll pay accordingly. Otherwise, the best are standard steel 308GTBs. If you want an injected car avoid the gutless 308GTBi and go for the 32-valve QV instead or, better still, a 328GTB. Just remember, for all the looks and image, these cars were little or no quicker than standard 911s from the same era and trickier on the limit. £70,000 (£150,000 for vetroresina).

Ferrari 348tb

Terrible gearshifts and a no prisoners approach to being driven beyond the limit has earned the 348 a poor reputation and prices have suffered as a result. But the looks and engine are lovely and if you’re not going to drive the doorhandles off it, probably well worth a look. Pay from £45,000.

Ferrari F355

Still based on the 348 but so improved as to seem like another car. Prices have gone through the roof of late so buy very carefully or not at all. The earliest cars go the hardest so look for a car with a non-airbag steering wheel. This was also the first Ferrari to be fitted with a paddle-shift transmission which is very slow and clunky compared to its modern descendants and probably best avoided. Pay from £80,000.

Ferrari 456GT

Perhaps Ferrari’s most beautiful true four seater, powered by a superb engine with lovely handling and the first Ferrari in years without a Fiat parts bin interior. Bills can be high so choose with care and budget realistically, but the right car is an exquisite long distance tourer. Avoid the automatic. Pay from £65,000.

Ferrari 360 Modena

A really interesting choice. Younger, faster and fitter than the F355 yet currently much cheaper. It loses a little in the looks department and breaks away more quickly, albeit it at a far higher limit, this is a fairly forgotten Ferrari at present and perhaps worth a punt as a result. The exception is the delicious stripped out Challenge Stradale, but prices for these ultra-rare machines are already over the hills and far away. Pay from £60,000.

Ferrari 599GTB

Currently standing somewhat in the shadow of the current F12, people seem to have forgotten that when new the 599 was hailed as the new Daytona, a titan even in the rich history of Ferrari road cars. Still scarily fast today and properly fun to drive. The GTO version was feted in its day but would not now keep up even with a standard 488GTB. Pay from £120,000 (£450,000 for GTO).

Ferrari F40

To some still Ferrari’s ultimate road-going machine and certainly its most raw. It was Enzo’s last car and because the company got greedy and made plenty – over 1100 in the end – for a long time they were relatively affordable. No longer. Pay from £70,000.

Ferrari 458

The last normally aspirated V8 and a car we’d bet plenty on as a long term investment. Superb to look at, with viceless handling and an engine that didn’t quit until yelling at 9000rpm. Speciale quicker and more brutal but a far harder car to live with. Pay from £140,000 (£240,000 for Speciale).

How to: own your first Ferrari

Ferrari at 70: touring Britain in a 488 Spider and a 166

Source: Autocar Online

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